Are you aware of these eight common diseases in children?

Children are more susceptible to several diseases than adults or the youth. This is primarily because their immunity is still developing. Most self immune disorders lurk in children in their growing stage. While there are certain diseases that can easily be avoided, some usually are inevitable. As parents, your child’s health should be the most important to you. Every child deserves high maintenance and optimal care. Being aware of the common diseases in children is very vital in today’s constantly changing world. 

Knowing the correct treatment and precautions for childhood illness helps cope with a lot of excessive stress. If you’re confident and you see the warning signs, it is easier for you to tackle it. More so since children cannot explain what they’re going through. To assist you and sustain some panic, we have prepared a list of common illnesses in babies. The following will lead us through.  

  • Common cold 
  • Bronchitis 
  • Influenza 
  • Gastroenteritis 
  • Whooping cough
  • Chickenpox 
  • Croup 
  • Mumps 

Let’s begin. 

8 common illnesses that can bother your baby 

There are numerous illnesses that can pop up during childhood. In this list, we have covered some of the most common ones. 

Common cold 

Among every childhood sickness, the common cold undoubtedly is the most popular. Common colds arise due to minute virus intrusions in the upper respiratory tract. Cold is so common that it can occur up to 5-8 times a year. Although it is nothing to worry about but you cannot let it carry on. Many common cold cases can result in pneumonia in children below the age of 5. Specific symptoms that you need to look out for are (1)

  • Runny nose 
  • Congestion 
  • Cough 
  • Sneezing 
  • Mild fever 
  • Loss of appetite 

Common colds do not cling on more than a week or ten days. There is no pinpointed treatment for a cold, but you can prevent further complications with warmth. Doctors do not usually prescribe antibiotics before a thorough physical checkup (2)


Among other common diseases in children during the flu season is bronchitis. A virus named RSV causes this acute infection in your infant’s lungs. Most childhood cases of bronchitis are mild and do not require antibiotics. Other than viral infections, bronchitis also results from dust, smoke, or other allergens entering the child’s tract. Following are the most prevalent symptoms: 

  • Dry cough 
  • Vomiting or choking 
  • Overall nausea 
  • Chills and mild fever 
  • Wheezing 

Although bronchitis gets cured within a few days, a high fever or breathing trouble calls for immediate attention. Consult your pediatrician for proper guidance (3)


A very contagious viral childhood illness is influenza (4). It is one of the most severe common diseases in children. Ensuring your child has been vaccinated against the flu virus is essential. Some common signs of influenza are: 

  • Very high fever 
  • Head and body aches 
  • Severe cough
  • Runny nose 
  • Fatigue 
  • Nausea, vomiting, or diarrhea 

Most children recover within a week but make sure you lookout for the severe symptoms. 


Stomach aches make a child cry more than anything else. A stomach bug or virus causes inflammation in the intestine or digestive tract. Apart from viruses, food poisoning or intestinal parasites can cause gastroenteritis (5). Some prevalent symptoms in children are: 

  • Abdominal pain and cramps 
  • Fussiness 
  • Loss of appetite 
  • Vomiting and diarrhea 

Preventing dehydration can prevent this illness. 

Whooping cough

Whooping cough among common diseases in children affects mainly children younger than six months. It primarily arises in babies who have not undergone immunizations. The leading symptoms are: 

  • Sneezing 
  • Mild cough 
  • Runny nose 
  • Low fever 


This is a highly infectious viral childhood illness. Chickenpox generally occurs in childhood but can also arise as an adult (6). Although usually mild, you should take it seriously since it can lead to fatal consequences. The symptoms are very prominent, like: 

  • Initially, few rashes and a runny nose along with mild fever 
  • Spots and rashes start appearing all over your body
  • Rashes develop into blisters 

Isolation, soothing baths, comfortable clothes, and proper hydration are the natural remedies against chickenpox. Ensure that you don’t scratch your rashes or blisters. Keeping yourself distracted is the best way out. 


Mainly children under the age of 5 are subject to this illness. This viral infection leads to inflammations and swelling of the windpipe or bronchi (7). Some common warning signs are: 

  • Symptoms of cold before the onset 
  • A significant harsh barking cough 
  • Noisy breathing 
  • Difficulty in breathing 
  • Irritation 


Another contagious viral infection leads to this childhood sickness called mumps. Mumps affects children between the age of 5 to 15 years. Nowadays, cases of this viral condition have taken a backdrop due to successful immunization programs. Major warning signs: 

  • General nausea 
  • High fever 
  • Problems in chewing 
  • Headaches and joint pain 
  • Dry mouth 
  • Loss of appetite 
  • Excessive fatigue 

Wrapping Up 

You can prevent most of the common diseases in children with general awareness. Although most of these conditions are mild, they can develop to become problematic. Keep a keen eye on your babies and make sure you do not neglect them. While some diseases are inevitable, you can avoid most others with proper hygiene and safety. 


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