Everything You Need to Know About the Hair Fall

Hair fall: Everything you need to know - Companion4health
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Hair loss or hair shedding happens to all of us in our lives at a point of time and does not happen only due to damaged hair.

It can happen to anyone with any hair type. Let’s explore the topic of hair fall in detail.

 

Hair shedding and hair loss are different

According to the American Academy of Dermatology(AAD), hair shedding and hair loss are two different things.

Shedding hair is completely normal. It’s normal to shed 50-100 hair per day. Excessive hair shedding occurs when we shed more than 50-100 hair per day.

Doctors also called excessive hair shedding as telogen effluvium.  

Hair shedding can happen due to various reasons

  • Stress
  • Pregnancy
  • Sudden weight loss
  • High fever
  • After an operation
  • Any serious disease 

Whereas, hair loss is when your hair stops growing. Hair loss is a serious problem, and it won’t be resolved until the cause of no hair growth is solved. The medical term for hair loss is anagen effluvium. 

Hair loss happens due to various reasons

  • Intake of drugs or some treatments
  • Poor hair-care products
  • Immune system
  • Hereditary
  • Sudden emotional or physical trauma
  • Poor lifestyle

You can treat hair loss with proper treatment. If you feel that some drug or treatment is causing you hair loss, you need to immediately talk to your doctor.

People who undergo treatments such as chemotherapy or any radiation therapy lose a lot of hair.

 

Types of hair loss

There are different types of hair loss. Another name for hair loss is alopecia. 

Involutional alopecia

This a natural condition in which the hair gets thin with age. Various hair follicles go to the resting phase, which leads to shorter and thinner hair.

Androgenic alopecia

This is a genetic problem that affects both men and women. Men with this condition can start seeing male pattern baldness as ahead of schedule in their adolescents or mid20s.

Women with this condition don’t encounter recognizable hair loss until their 40s or later. Ladies experience a general hair loss over the whole scalp, with the most hair loss at the crown.

Alopecia areata

This begins unexpectedly and causes hair loss in youngsters and adults. This condition may bring about complete hair loss.

But, about 90% of individuals with this condition say that the hair returns in a couple of years.

Alopecia Universalis

This type of hair loss causes whole body hair to fall out, including eyebrows, pubic hair, eyelashes. 

Telogen effluvium

This is impermanent hair loss over the scalp that happens due to changes in the development pattern of hair.

Countless hair enters the resting stage simultaneously, causing hair shedding and thinning of hair.

Scarring alopecia

This results in permanent hair loss. Fiery skin conditions and other skin issues frequently leave scars that do not allow hair to grow. Hot brushes and hair firmly woven and pulled can result in permanent hair loss.

We typically lose around 50 to 100 scalp hairs every day. If you experience more hair fall than this, you may discover a lot of hair in brushes, on garments, and in the channels of sinks and tubs.

You may likewise see that your hair is thinner, that your hairline has changed or that at least one uncovered patches have shown up. These are symptoms of hair loss.

 

Symptoms of hair loss may also include 

Sudden hair fall

Physical or emotional shock can make your hair fall. Bunches of hair may come out when brushing or washing your hair or significantly after delicate pulling.

Slow thinning on top of head

This is the most common symptom of hair loss, influencing both men and women.

Circular bald spots

A few people experience smooth, coin-sized uncovered spots. This kind of hair loss influences only the scalp, yet it sometimes additionally happens in facial hair or eyebrows.

Now and again, your skin may get bothersome or agonizing before the hair drops out.

Full-body hair loss 

Sometimes treatments such as chemotherapy lead to full body hair loss. But this hair eventually grows back after some time. Some medicines and treatments can also affect hair growth.

Hair loss can extend from gentle hair diminishing to complete hairlessness. Hair can drop out for a wide range of reasons.

 

Some causes of hair loss are :

Telogen Effluvium 

It is a phenomenon that usually triggers hair loss after pregnancy, any major operation, weight loss, or extreme stress. You can notice hair loss when brushing hair, shampooing, or styling hair.

It can likewise be a reaction of specific prescriptions, for example, antidepressants, beta-blockers, and nonsteroidal mitigating drugs.

In telogen effluvium, hair moves quicker than ordinary from its developing stage into the “resting” stage before moving rapidly into the shedding, or telogen, stage.

Hereditary hair loss

The scientific name for this is androgenetic alopecia. According to the American Academy of Dermatology, it is the most well-known reason for hair loss.

You can acquire your hair genes from either your mom’s or father’s side of the family. If both sides have bad hair genes, you might have hair issues in your life.

Hypothyroidism

Many women experience the ill effects of thyroid sickness. Hypothyroidism or underactive thyroid is when your body creates less thyroid hormone. This hormone is answerable for digestion, pulse, and disposition.

And hyperthyroidism or an overactive thyroid is when your body produces too much of the thyroid hormone,

Thyroid hormone is answerable for quite a lot. It includes your basal metabolic rate(the rate at which your body utilizes oxygen and vitality to work—to the development of your hair, skin, and nails).

When you don’t have the perfect amount of thyroid hormone, you may see some unpleasant changes in your health.

Iron Deficiency Anaemia

Ladies who have heavy periods or don’t eat enough iron-rich nourishments may have iron deficiency, in which the blood needs more red platelets.

Red platelets transport oxygen to cells all through your body, giving you the vitality you need. Besides hair loss, it causes fatigue, weakness, and pale skin. 

Skin Conditions of the Scalp or Seborrheic dermatitis

Seborrheic dermatitis makes the scalp shed its skin, so you’ll see oily, yellowish scales on your shoulders or in your hair.

It might be the aftereffect of Malassezia which is a yeast, hormonal changes, or overabundance oil in the skin.

Psoriasis, an immune system condition that causes over the top skin cell turnover, delivers a thick white scale on the scalp that can bleed whenever pulled off.

Alopecia Areata

Alopecia areata is an immune system issue in which the immune system assaults hair follicles.

It influences about 4.7 million individuals in the United States and happens similarly in people. The reason is obscure. However, it might occur due to stress, pressure or any major disease. 

 

Tests for Hair loss 

  • Diagnosing androgenetic alopecia

If you have androgenetic alopecia, a hair loss specialist can spot it without any difficulty.

The signs are clear with the presence of your balding, the rate of male pattern baldness in your family (particularly mother, father, sibling or sister) and clinical history.

For example, you can inherit sparseness from either or the two of your parents.

  • Savin Scale

This scale records and characterizes hair loss designs in ladies influenced by androgenetic alopecia (female example hair loss).

Utilizing a straightforward pictorial characterization of nine PC outlines, it permits a specialist to outwardly evaluate both hair loss and thickness of hair.

  • Norwood Hamilton Scale

Doctors use this to quantify the degree of hair loss. Numerous specialists think that its valuable to portray the degree of general balding and prevent misdiagnosis.

It includes an outline of pictures indicating the most common male pattern baldness designs in men influenced by androgenetic alopecia.

Other are normal tests such as blood tests, hair pull test, and densitometry.

 

How to prevent hair loss

The following things can prevent hair loss:

Including proper nutrients to your diet can help you prevent hair loss. Vitamin A rich food and minerals can help your hair grow,

  • Hair-care

Taking proper care of your hair by applying oil, shampooing helps to prevent hair loss. Use organic and natural hair-care products are much more beneficial for hair growth.

  • Gentle styling

Prevent styling your hair too tight. It also leads to hair fall.

  • Laser therapy for hair growth

There are different laser therapies you can try if you’re facing excessive hair loss.

  • Medicines

Having medicines such as Minoxidil¸ Finasteride, and Phenylephrine can help your hair grow. Please consume them only after consulting with your doctor.

  • Yoga and meditation

Yoga and meditation help in every aspect of life. Try these ancient sciences to reprogram your hair and overall health.

  • Massages 

Massaging your scalp with essential oils or onion juice can also help.

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