Everything You Need to Know About the Hypertension Expert

Hypertension
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Hypertension or high blood pressure is a ailment wherein your blood flows at high pressure through your arteries. This high blood pressure might mess up your health. It can cause you heart problems like heart attack, stroke, etc.

The more blood your heart pumps and the smaller your arteries, the higher your blood pressure.

You may not see any symptoms of hypertension, but you could have hypertension. Even without any symptoms, it can damage your blood vessels, and cause serious problems.

Hypertension takes years to develop, but once you detect it, it can be quickly resolved. It affects everyone once in a lifetime. If you have hypertension, you should consult with a doctor to control it.

 

Types of hypertension

There are two types of hypertension:

Primary hypertension 

Doctors also call it essential hypertension. In primary hypertension, there is no defined cause of high blood pressure.

This is the most common type of blood pressure and takes a lot of years to develop. Primary hypertension can be the result of your lifestyle, diet, routine, and changes in your body.

Secondary hypertension 

In secondary hypertension, you can identify the cause of blood pressure. Some medicines or a health problem may be the cause of hypertension. Kidney problems, sleeping disorder, some medication and thyroid/adrenal gland problems may lead to secondary hypertension.

 

Symptoms of hypertension

Hypertension is a quiet condition. You might not experience any indications. It might take years for the condition to arrive at extreme levels. However, these are some symptoms related to hypertension:

  • Headache
  • Fatigue
  • Blurred vision or vision problems
  • Chest pain
  • Heartbeat problem
  • Blood in urine
  • Feeling some kind of beating in ears, neck, or chest.
  • Bleeding from nose
  • Breathing problem
  • Dizziness

 

These symptoms require prompt clinical consideration. They don’t happen in everybody with hypertension. And yet waiting for a side effect of this condition to show up could be lethal.

An ideal approach to tackle hypertension is to check your blood regularly. Most physicians check blood pressure at every appointment.

At your yearly check-up, consult with your primary care physician about your risks for hypertension.

 

What causes hypertension?

Here are a few causes of primary hypertension:

  • Genes – Hypertension can be genetic. You can inherit the genes from your parents.
  • Physical changes in your body – If something in your body transforms, you may start encountering issues all through your body. Hypertension might be one of those issues.
  • Unhealthy lifestyle – Absence of physical activity and an unhealthy eating routine can negatively affect your body. An unhealthy lifestyle can lead to weight issues. Being overweight or hefty can expand your hazard for hypertension.

 

Here are a few causes of secondary hypertension:

  • Overweight or obesity – Overeating, or suddenly gaining weight can cause you hypertension.
  • Lack of physical activity – As the title says no physical activity or less physical activity can lead to high blood pressure.
  • Too much salt- Consuming too much salt in your meal can also cause blood pressure.
  • Alcohol consumption- Consuming too much alcohol can also be bad for you and cause hypertension.
  • Stress- Stress or shock can also result in high blood pressure.
  • Hereditary- You can inherit the hypertension genes from your family, but these are rare cases.
  • Thyroid- Thyroid problems may cause you blood pressure.
  • Sleep disorder- Sleeping is the basic need of your body. Sleeping at an irregular time may boost your blood pressure.

 

How to prevent hypertension?  

Having a healthy diet

To control your blood pressure, you can control the measure of sodium(salt) you eat and increase the ratio of potassium in your diet. It is additionally critical to eat foods that are lower in fat.

Eat a lot of organic products, vegetables, and whole grains. The raw food and fruitarian diet can assist you in lowering your blood pressure. This diet can even help you completely heal the issue.

Exercising regularly

Exercise can assist you in keeping up a healthy weight and lower your pulse. Try a high impact exercise at least 4 times a week.

If you are new to working out, you can start with two times a week and then increase gradually.

A high-impact workout is any activity wherein your heart pulsates faster, and you utilize more oxygen. This oxygen helps detoxify your body through sweat.

If you have hypertension, please consult with your doctor before you begin exercising.

Maintain a healthy weight

Being overweight or having stoutness builds your risk for hypertension. Keeping up a healthy weight can assist you with controlling hypertension and lessen your risk of other medical issues.

Limit alcohol intake

Excess of alchohol can raise your blood pressure. It includes additional calories, which may also cause weight gain.

For men, it is ideal to consume close to two beverages every day, and for ladies one.

Quit smoking

Cigarette smoking raises your heart pressure. Smoking also puts you at higher risk for heart failure and stroke.

If you don’t smoke, don’t begin. If you do smoke, converse with your medicinal services supplier for help in finding an ideal route for you to quit smoking.

Reduce stress

Turn to activities that reduce stress in your life. Stress is one of the leading causes of hypertension. If you have toxic relationships that stress you out, let go of them.

Listen to music you love, dance, go for a swim or do anything else that helps you release stress. To reduce stress, you can also do a digital detox from time to time.

 

Test for hypertension

It is ideal to do a regular blood pressure check-up. Blood pressure keeps changing throughout the day. You can check your blood pressure at various places such as :

  • From your general physician
  • Pharmacies
  • At home( if you have a BP machine)

 

You can check blood pressure by a device called a sphygmomanometer. This typically comprises a stethoscope, arm sleeve, siphon, and dial, automatic devices.

When you are checking your blood pressure, please do not worry. You just need to relax and sit down with your back straight and legs uncrossed.

During the test, the tester will place a cuff around the upper arm, at the same level as the heart. The tester then pumps the cuff to restrict the blood flow. It may feel a bit uncomfortable for a few seconds.

The tester then releases the cuff. The doctor would be using a stethoscope to measure your pulse.

Doctors measure the pressure of your blood twice. Once, when the blood flow stops. And second, when blood flow releases. You can get the blood pressure results immediately.

High blood pressure

If your blood pressure is continuously high, your physician may ask you to get some more tests to know more about your condition.

These tests can be  

  • Urine test
  • Cholesterol check-up
  • ECG to know about your heart conditions
  • Ultrasound (kidney and heart)

 

These tests may help your doctor identify any other issues that may cause hypertension. Or this may help him to check that if hypertension has affected any other organ in your body.

Hypertension if not controlled, can cause several problems.

Keep a record of your blood pressure readings and discuss it with your doctor every time you visit him. It can help your doctor identify future problems before its too late. Stay healthy, stay happy!

 

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