Nutrition: Everything you need to know

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The food you eat has a profound impact on the functioning of your body, mind and soul. Food gives you the energy to do everything. It helps you function to the best of your ability.

Diet is what you eat, and nutrition is how your body processes what you eat. Nutrition is the science of how your body reacts to the food you eat. 

Sometimes, even if you are eating right. The body fails to absorb necessary nutrients. Failure to absorb nutrients is what causes nutritional deficiencies. 

Why does this happen? The study of nutrition explains this and provides solutions.


Nutrition and Health

Sometimes our body fails to absorb the necessary nutrients from the food we eat. This causes nutritional deficiencies and health problems. Here are a few things you can do to reverse that:

  • Detox your body 

The body cannot absorb nutrients from the food because it is filled with toxins. The toxins are accumulated in the small and large intestines. This prevents the body from absorbing nutrients. 

When you detox and clean your body from inside, it again begins to absorb nutrients from food. Ever wonder why you don’t feel energetic even after eating the right foods?

This is because of the toxicity and obstruction in your body. A deep detox will solve the problem of malabsorption. And will help you live a healthy and vibrant life. 

After detox, you may notice, you don’t need to eat as much as you were eating before. Small portions of food make you feel full. This is because your body has again started to absorb necessary nutrients and is now functioning correctly. Let’s begin with understanding the different types of nutrients.


Types of nutrients

Nutritionists divide nutrients into two major categories:

  • Macronutrients 
  • Micronutrients 



Fats, proteins, carbohydrates and water are macronutrients. They are called macronutrients because we need them in large amounts. 


Fats are essential micronutrients. Here are some of the benefits of fats:

  • They help in lubricating joints. 
  • Fats also help organs produce hormones. 
  • Healthy fats help the body absorb specific vitamins. 
  • Eating healthy fats also reduce inflammation
  • They also improve brain health 

However, consuming too many fats can be harmful. Trans fats and saturated fats are very heavy on the body. They can cause heart diseases, heart attacks. This is because they increase LDL (bad cholesterol) and blood pressure. 

It is better to eat unsaturated fats. There are two types of unsaturated fats:

  • Monounsaturated fats
  • Polyunsaturated fats

Monounsaturated fats are present in olives, peanuts, nuts, seeds and avocados. Polyunsaturated fats are present in walnuts, flaxseeds, fish and sunflower oil. 


Proteins are made up of essential chemicals known as amino acids. Protein is an integral part of each cell in the body. The body uses proteins for various purposes like:

  • Growing and maintaining the body. The main component of hair and nails is protein. 
  • The body builds and repairs tissues with protein.
  • Protein provides the necessary material to produce enzymes and hormones.
  • Your bones, cartilage, teeth, skin, blood and muscles. They are all made up of proteins.

Proteins are made up of 20 amino acid. These amino acids are essential. Our body produces some of them and some, we get from our food. 

However, consuming too much protein can be harmful. Too much of it can cause kidney problems, heart diseases and high cholesterol. So, enjoy your proteins in a healthy amount.

You can get healthy proteins from fish, beans, nuts and whole grains. 


We all love carbs. The delicious potato chips, pies and muffins are rich in carbohydrates. But they are not healthy carbohydrates. 

Sugar, fiber and starch are three types of carbohydrates. Some of them are healthy, and some are not. 

Fiber is a complex carbohydrate. And sugar is a simple carbohydrate. It is easy for the body to break down sugar. That is why sugar provides instant energy. 

However, too much processed sugar can cause diabetes. It can also increase blood pressure and cause cancer. Natural sugars, on the other hand, are supremely healthy. 

Fruits and dry fruits are excellent sources of natural sugars. 

There are two types of fiber:

  • Soluble fiber 
  • Non-soluble fiber 


Soluble fiber takes some time to break down and digest. Whereas, non-soluble fiber doesn’t break down. It remains intact. Both types of fibers are essential for optimum health. 

Non-soluble fiber helps clean the digestive tract. It makes the elimination process smooth and easy. Soluble fiber turns into a gel and slows down the digestion process. So, the body can absorb the required nutrients from the food.

You can get healthy carbohydrates from quinoa, oats, bananas, blueberries, oranges and kidney beans.


Water is one of the most essential macronutrients. Our body is 70 per cent water. It is a macronutrient because we need it in large amounts. Without water, there would be no life. 

Doctors and nutritionists recommend drinking at least 2 litres of water every day. However, beware of drinking too much water. Research suggests that drinking too much water can also be harmful. 



Micronutrients are also essential nutrients. They are called micronutrients because we need them in small amounts. 

Vitamins and minerals are two types of micronutrients. Our body needs them to function at its best capacity.


Our body has 13 kinds of vitamins. They are as follows:

  • Vitamin A, C, D, K, and E
  • Biotin
  • B-12
  • B-6
  • Niacin
  • Folate
  • Thiamine
  • Pantothenic acid
  • Riboflavin


These 13 vitamins are essential to the body. You can get them from sunlight, healthy foods and supplements. 

Vitamins are also classified into water-soluble and fat-soluble. Vitamin A, E, D and K are fat-soluble vitamins while the rest are water-soluble. 


Minerals make up 4 per cent of the body’s mass. There are 103 minerals in the human body. However, a few of them are classified to be essential minerals. They are as follows:

  • Iron
  • Potassium
  • Magnesium
  • Copper
  • Sodium
  • Calcium
  • Zinc
  • Selenium 
  • Manganese 


All of these are essential minerals. They are naturally produced by the body. Different types of fruits, vegetables, whole grains, lean meats and lentils are healthy sources of minerals. 




Dr Michael Mina says he knows the solution for COVID-19

Harvard medical expert, Dr Michael Mina, says the solution for the coronavirus is cheap, fast tests that give the test results within ten minutes. He says these tests are beneficial as you can take them at home every day or two. Right now, the tests take at least a week to deliver results. The current tests are good for hospitals and labs, but they fail to test people when they are the most infectious. Cheap and fast tests will help in testing immediately. And if a person tests positive, they can take measures to quarantine and stop the virus instead of waiting for a week to get results.

A COVID vaccine will be released once it is safe

Many vaccine trials for COVID are underway in the United States, and some have reached phase three trials. Once the vaccines have cleared phase three trials, they will be released to the public. However, medical experts say that vaccines will only be released once they are safe. They do not want to compromise on the ethics and quality of vaccine as this can be dangerous. If unsafe vaccines are released in haste, they can be damaging to health and cause people not to trust vaccines in the future. Dr Fauci and Trump believe that with proper precautions, we should have a vaccine by the end of the year.

Drink Turmeric water in flu season

Turmeric is an ancient medicinal spice that is abundant in anti-inflammatory and anti-bacterial properties. It helps kill harmful viruses and bacteria in the body and also helps in building anti-bodies to harmful viruses. Add some turmeric to warm water and drink a glass 2 hours before sleeping.

Sweat it out

The skin is the largest organ in the body, and so also it releases a lot of toxins, especially through sweat. To release stress stored in the body, sweat your body with exercise and sauna. Sweating not only releases toxins and stress from the body but also cleanses the skin.

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