Supplements For Diabetic Patient: A Brief Guide For Every Age

Diabetes is a popular disease not only among adults but also in children. However, between type 1 and type-2 diabetes, the latter is more common than the former. This condition causes insulin resistance in the body. As a result, there is an imbalance in the blood glucose levels. There are various medicines that any diabetic patient consumes. Apart from that, a supplement for diabetic patient helps them manage their condition. 

Supplements are alternative treatments meant to ease complications in diabetic patients (1). Many studies show significant results of supplements on animals. Yet, there is ongoing research about its real benefit for humans. Let us look at a list of the best supplements that might benefit diabetics. 

7 best supplements for diabetic patients 

  • Vitamin D 
  • Alpha-lipoic Acid 
  • Chromium 
  • Probiotics 
  • Melatonin 
  • Bitter Melon 
  • Berberine 

If you think of taking dietary supplements drinks, or other drugs, consult your doctor. Here are the details of a few supplements that can be taken by diabetics. 

Vitamin D 

Vitamin D is the orchestra of the human body functions. We need enough vitamin D for calcium absorption and immune health. A deficiency of it may lead to inflammation, cognitive decline, and even cancer. We are not surprised by how vitamin D has links to glucose control. Along with vitamin K2, vitamin D is one of the best multivitamins for diabetics. 

The supplementation of vitamin D improves glucose metabolism in diabetic patients. You must be wondering how much amount to consume. Although the dosage depends on the deficiencies, any adult can safely intake 3,500 IU daily (2). Excess vitamin D can also pose threats to your health. With sun exposure, dietary intake and supplementations keep the levels moderate. 

Alpha-lipoic Acid 

High levels of oxidative stress and inflammations in diabetics promote cardiovascular diseases. Diabetes impairs blood circulation by reducing nitric oxides in the tissues. Alpha-lipoic acid is a powerful antioxidant and has features like insulin (3).

Studies suggest that ALA helps improve insulin sensitivity in cells. This, in turn, lowers the risks of chronic heart disorders. Adults can tolerate doses of 600-1000 mg per day (4). This is one supplement for diabetic patient that you can go for irrespective of your age.


Chromium is a popular trace mineral. Although studies give mixed signals of its benefits for diabetes, it helps lower blood sugar. What does chromium essentially do? It assists in the metabolism of carbs. As a result, it helps breakdown the glucose in our blood for better absorption (5)

Chromium taken as supplements can be as strong as chromium picolinate (6). Small amounts of chromium are beneficial. But taking high quantities can cause kidney damage or get sugar levels very low. 


Good and bad microbes are always on the lookout for domination of your gut. Diabetes causes a rise in the anti-probiotics. These microbes cause increased inflammations seen throughout the body. Research proves that probiotic dietary supplements drinks with high strains can reduce inflammations. How else can probiotics help diabetic patients (7)? Unlike harmful microbes, probiotics increase insulin sensitivity. 

Reduction of oxidative stress, glucose metabolism, and indigestion are other benefits of probiotics. Well, not every probiotic supplement is the same. The more concentration of healthy bacteria, the better. Consult your doctor for optimum use of probiotics. 


The pineal gland in your body produces this hormone. Diabetes comes with lower levels of melatonin circulation (8). That is when they should sleep, they cannot close their eyes. This condition is more popular as insomnia. Is that it? No. This sleep-regulating hormone has various other benefits for diabetic patients. 

Research has shown that melatonin has anti-inflammatory benefits. Apart from that, it also barricades specific free radicals during diabetes. Several other studies also found that it protects the islet cells in the pancreas. These cells produce insulin and are prone to damage with type-2 diabetes. Taking melatonin in large quantities is harmful. Hence, small traces of 2-6 mg before bed should do your job. 

Bitter Melon 

Bitter melon is a vegetable also found as supplements. As for supplements, there is evidence of its glucose-lowering characteristics (9). Doctors might prefer bitter melon supplements since it’s safe. It has no side effects, unlike the best multivitamins for diabetics. If you are thinking of natural remedies, this might benefit you. Start with 900 milligrams of it, and regulate the use if it works for you. 


It is a natural plant compound seen in the rhizomes of specific plants. Traditionally, this alkaloid extract has been used as medicine for ages. Do you know how berberine works wonders in diabetic patients? This alkaloid is a powerful antioxidant with anti-inflammatory properties (10)

Berberine consumed raw itself has astonishing effects on your glucose metabolism. But oral medications like Metformin have taken up the market for their convenience. Apart from these, berberine can reduce blood LDL levels. Not just that. They also increase HDL levels in return. As a result, it checks your blood pressure and hypertension

Wrapping Up 

This article will help you learn about how a supplement for diabetic patient works. Generally, doctors do not directly prescribe supplements. But for instant and emergency solutions, supplements work wonders. To be transparent, we would suggest you follow regulated diets for a steady improvement. Apart from that, regular exercise and proper hydration will help you cope with your diabetes.